The Three Primary Forms of Communication

Here at the Albuquerque Speech Language Heating Center, our primary focus is on communication. While hearing is an essential piece of one form of communication, there are other ways to communicate. As we fight to prevent hearing loss, we also educate individuals on other methods of communication. We are considered “a full scale communication diagnostic and treatment center.” In today’s blog, we will discuss three primary forms of communication. The three primary means of communication are verbal, nonverbal, and visual.

Verbal Communication

Verbal communication depends on words to deliver meaning. It is further subdivided into written communication and oral communication. Written communication can involve anything from words on a page to emails, to text messages. Oral communication involves spoke words. This can be done in person, through the phone, or over video chat. Oral communication is often quicker than written communication although meaning can be shaded using tone, inflection, and volume.

Nonverbal Communication

Nonverbal communication occurs when meaning or messages are sent or received without the use of words. Nonverbal communication can be intentional or unintentional. Physical nonverbal communication can be displayed through body language, facial expressions, touch, or eye contact. Nonverbal communication can also be used to modify the meaning of verbal communications. Some researchers believe that nonverbal communications account for 55 percent of all communication.

Visual Communication

Our third and final means of communication, visual communication, utilizes drawings, illustrations, pictures, colors, graphs, charts, and signs to share meaning. Visual communication can be used in conjunction with verbal communication, or it can stand on its own. Visual communication is frequently used in advertising, art, and entertainment. Often, this form of communication can be left further up to interpretation than other forms of communication. In these cases, it is often the recipient of the communication who imparts at least some meaning on the message.